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Welcome to your Healthy Gut Module 1 Quiz

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1. What are the two hormones in salvia?

a) Insulin and grehlin
b) Grehlin and motilin
c) Insulin and glucagon
d) Leptin and grehlin

2. The number one cause of acid reflux is:
a) Drinking with meals
b) Insufficient chewing
c) Stress
d) Eating too much

3. The muscularis muscosae
a) Contracts to increase absorption and secretion
b) Moves chyme through the GIT
c) Moves in a circular motion
d) Moves in a longitudinal motion

4.    The role of histamine for digestion is:
a)    Stimulates acid production
b)    Stimulates mucous production
c)    Stimulates muscles contraction
d)    All of the above

5.    Cholecystokinin is a
a)    Hormone
b)    Enzyme
c)    Neurotransmitter
d)    A type of muscle

6.    Segmentation refers to:
a)    The process of moving chyme back and forth
b)    The process of breaking up fat molecules
c)    The process of separating protein from fat
d)    The process of breaking down carbohydrates into di-saccharides

7.    Lactase, maltase, and sucrase are all
a)    Pancreatic enzymes
b)    Special intestinal hormone
c)    Line the microvilli
d)    Break down protein molecules

8.    Carbohydrates are transported
a)    By diffusion with Potassium ions
b)    With sodium ions through active transport
c)    By being dependent on hydrogen ions
d)    By entering lacteals

9.    The gastrocolic relex:
a)    Has a sympathetic component
b)    Is activate by the presence of food in the stomach
c)    Is activated when the rectum is 25% full
d)    Prevents chime from going back into the ileum

10.    Adult microflora is subject to change
a)    Due to diet and stress
b)    By age and gender
c)    Antibiotics and genetics
d)    All of the above
e)    None of the above

11.   Bacteria in the in small intestines
a)    Does not have to colonize
b)    Contains clostridia
c)    Is a layer that is one cell thick
d)    All of the above

12.    The large intestines
a)    Uses mainly uses butyrate as an energy source
b)    Allows for absorption of toxins in the body
c)    Has chyme move through it in 18-24 hours
d)    All of the above
e)    None of the above

13. CFU stand for:
a)    Colonizing Forming Units
b)    Colony Forming Units
c)    Colony Friendly Units
d)    Colon Forming Units

14. Which of the following at helpful building diversity
a)    Walking in the forest
b)    Petting the dog
c)    Using special cleanser
d)    A and B
e)    A and C

15. Which of the following is true?
a)    A baby is born sterile
b)    Babies only get good bacteria form breast milk
c)    Vaginal births provide baby with mainly lactobacilli
d)    All of the above

16. What statement is true? Residential bacteria:
a)    Can be replaced easily in childhood but not adulthood
b)    We develop our microbiome by the age of two
c)    The level of residential bacteria we develop stays with us all our loves
d)    Fermented food help build up residential bacteria levels

17. Which if the following is true:
a)    B. lactis, L.fermentum and l. rhamnosus GG may help prevent allergies
b)    Breast feeding prevents allergies
c)    IAP is always given to women during labour
d)    All are true
e)    None are true

18. Lower levels of good bacteria and higher levels of bad bacteria
a)    Can be found in cases of caesarean section
b)    Often occur when women receive IAP
c)    Can be countered by GOS and FOS in formula for bottle fed babies
d)    All are true
e)    Both are true